Cannapedia Encyclopedia of cannabis strains

Mother plant

Mother plants are grown for the purpose of producing clones or cuttings. Growers meticulously select mother plants for their specific properties which they want their plants to have.

These may include high yields, resistance against disease or mold, the ability to thrive in a specific environment (e.g. under artificial lighting or in a greenhouse), taste, aroma and the effects of the flowers (buds) which plants descended from a mother plant share.

Mothers are usually strong, vigorous plants which are artificially kept in the vegetative state so that grower could cut parts of them. These cut parts are called cuttings or clones and they tend to grow faster than plants grown from seeds.


How to grow healthy mother plants

You can use almost any cannabis plant as a mother. Autoflowering plants are an exception, however. They start to flower after reaching a certain age – not according to the length of daylight. For ideal results, mother plants need to be kept in the vegetative state, meaning that they must be receiving light for approximately 18–24 hours a day.

It is also important to fertilize mother plants with a quality and nutrient-rich fertilizer, as they are practically being damaged throughout their lifetime. The goal is to have them recover as quickly as possible and grow further. It is recommended to use a fertilizer rich in nitrogen and other micronutriens, such as calcium, magnesium, sulfur, manganese and boron.

A mother plant can be kept for up to several years, but it is recommended to preferably use a new one every year. That way, growers can be sure they have a resistant and highly fertile mother.

Just be aware that the first clones should be obtained from mother plants that are at least two months old. That is because clones from younger plants may grow unevenly, as well as extremely slowly.

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