Cannapedia Encyclopedia of cannabis strains

Cannabis concentrates

As cannabis is becoming more and more popular, the connoisseurs are gaining access to large number of strains and techniques aimed to obtain as much active substances from the plant as possible. Some of the economic prognostics project the American cannabis industry to grow in 2016 over 6.7 billion dollars – the turbulent development of extraction technologies is no big surprise for insiders of the cannabis community.


This short guide aims to introduce the most favorite types of extracts and concentrates; these include budder (extract from buds that contains more than 90 % of THC) shatter (very pure extract, which is amber or colorless and solidifies into consistency similar to glass) or crumble (“whisked” extract, which is soft, brittle, and crumbles easily) and so on.

Various processes and products

Various ways of extraction produce various kinds of concentrated cannabis substances. Some of the methods require range of dissolving agents, for example butane, ethanol, or CO2; other procedures do not require such chemicals.

Nevertheless, the basic principle of all of these methods is the same: they aim to separate active chemical substances from the ballast plant material and thus create a product containing high concentration of cannabinoids. The exact content of each of the extracts differs significantly. While the products that are designed to be smoked recreationally contain in some cases even more than 75 percent of THC, the preparations for medical use aim to have more CBD a the expense of THC – thus they have very little or no psychoactive effects.

Terminology is across many languages very vague and contains almost exclusively slang terms. Nonetheless, these concentrates and their production is becoming an important part of the cannabis industry. They include shatter containing high amount of THC, which is often smoked in small doses; CBD extract used in vaporizers; and even homeopathic tinctures applied under the tongue.

Users of both medical and recreational cannabis are becoming widely interested in such scientific approach because it does not produce any undesirable and unhealthy fumes, which are normally present during burning. New ways of usage can also address patients who do not find smoking of pipes or joints acceptable – such methods may open door to therapeutic qualities to many.

BHO or butane hash oil

All types of BHO are considered to be the strongest types of concentrates available and they can contain up to 90 percent of THC. These extracts became popular around 2010 and are mainly administered via so-called dabbing (inhalation technique requiring a special pipe, a nail, and extremely heated spot on the pipe on which the extract is rubbed) and other kinds of vaporization.

During butane extraction, cannabinoids are separated from remaining parts of the plant; the final product of this process is so-called cannabis wax. However the consistency of the final product varies with chosen strains of cannabis and exact temperature during extraction – it can become glue-like, solid as a shatter, or gain form of so-called honeycomb.

Thanks to high level of THC, the BHO ranks among the strongest forms of cannabis extracts – that is the reason why it is so popular across wide range of both medical and recreational users in the North America. Due to the high amount of psychoactive substances in BHO, which are usually given in two-digit numbers, it is absolutely necessary to consume only the BHO that comes from certified source, or you can have it tested in certified laboratory. Only proper testing can ensure that the extract does not contain any residual synthetic hydrocarbons, which are present in butane.

Other cannabis concentrates:

- Shatter

- Vosk (Wax)

- Budder

- Crumble

- Rosin

- Resin

Konopné koncentráty