Home
Cannapedia Encyclopedia of cannabis strains

Legalization

The term legalization has its roots in Latin legalis (legal or connected with law). It denotes the legality of a certain thing or action according to laws of given country. However, concerning cannabis, the process of legalization is further problematic because of the international law.

 

Pioneers of Legalization

First states to legalize cannabis in some form in modern history are Uruguay and US states Colorado and Washington. UN criticised such law changes referring to the long-outdated Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs from 1961. According to this convention, cannabis should remain illegal globally. However, these states developed a functioning market with the substance regulated by state without any significant adverse consequences and many benefits.

Concerns of prohibitionists have not been fulfilled in these pioneering states, instead a quickly growing cannabis sector is creating thousands of job opportunities, generating tax income, cutting drug cartels’ income and protecting the youth (as we know, dealer does not ask for an ID while legal sellers according to a number of studies do).

On the other side of the spectrum is prohibition – this repressive approach towards cannabis spread worldwide from the USA in the beginning of the 20th century and led to the aforementioned Single Convention in 1961. However, similarly to the experiments with the alcohol prohibition, it is becoming evident that the only reasonable solution beneficial to the whole society is legalization of its use, production and distribution. Of course, this new market has to be regulated by governments of individual countries, ideally on the basis of advice provided by a professional committee of scientists and medical professionals. This is actually the way of regulation the states that have already legalized are choosing. Also, in 2018, Canada will become the first G7 country to legalize and regulate cannabis.

Legalizace

Related terms