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Cannapedia Encyclopedia of cannabis strains

Strain

What does the term “strain” actually mean? Simply put, it is a number of different properties that separates given plants from others. Most cannabis varieties are based on two basic types, derived from the cannabis genus, cannabaceae family, called cannabis indica and cannabis sativa.

Each of these types has their own unique properties, as well as effects – at least that’s what people thought for thousands of years until the beginning of the 21st century. Today, with our knowledge of the cannabis plant ever expanding, there is more and more talk that the effects of a certain strain are determined by the ratios and contents of the main cannabinoids and terpenes and that the dividing them into indicas and sativas is now obsolete from a scientific point of view.

Still, a large majority of seedbanks and growers stick to the basic division into sativas, indicas and hybrid varieties. In the last decade, the so-called autoflowering varieties were added to the list. These varieties combine sativas and/or indicas with a third type called cannabis ruderalis.

 

Indicas for beginners

Rookie growers are advised to start with indica-dominant varieties which are better suited for learning how to grow. As your experience increases, you may try a hybrid with larger sativa ratio, and eventually a pure sativa.

Crossing indica with sativa produces a strain that will grow in height, but not as much as pure sativas. In a limited space or when growing under artificial lights, it is therefore recommended to go for to indica-dominant varieties. That is why pure sativas are not very popular in indoor growing. They need to grow to a certain minimal height and usually tend to flower for a relatively long time.

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